Aim: Circular RNAs (circRNAs) control gene expression in a series of physiological and pathological processes, but their role in heart disease is unknown. This research illustrates the role and potential mechanism of circRNA in cardiac hypertrophy.

Methods and Results: In this report, we found that circular RNA hsa_circ_0001006 (circ_0001006) was upregulated in cardiac hypertrophy mice and cardiomyocytes treated with angiotensin II (Ang II). Next, we noticed that gain of function circ_0001006 could induce cardiomyocyte hypertrophy; oppositely, knockdown of circ_0001006 remitted Ang II-induced cardiomyocyte hypertrophy. Biotin-coupled miRNA and RNA-pull down assays showed that miR-214-3p could bind with circ_0001006 and gain the function of miR-214-3p abrogated the pro-hypertrophy effect of circ_0001006. Furthermore, Further, dual-luciferase reporter assay showed that miR-214-3p could interact with 3′UTRs of the PAK6 gene, and circRNA_0001006 could block the above interactions. Additionally, PAK6 expression is inhibited by miR-214-3p mimic in cardiomyocytes but enhanced by over-expression of circRNA_000203 in vitro.

Conclusions: Our data demonstrated that circRNA_0001006 exacerbates cardiac hypertrophy via suppressing miR-214-3p leading to enhanced PAK6 levels.