Spinal cord injury (SCI) is the main cause of severe damage to the central nervous system and leads to irreversible tissue loss and neurological dysfunction. Ferroptosis is a cell death pattern, newly discovered in recent years. Ferroptosis is an oxidizing cell death induced by small molecules, and is an iron-dependent process caused by the imbalance between the generation and degradation of lipid reactive oxygen species (ROS) in cells. As an antioxidant, trehalose can effectively prevent lipid peroxidation. Studies have reported that trehalose can improve the prognosis of SCI. However, it is unclear whether these benefits are related to ferroptosis. In this study, we demonstrated for the first time that trehalose reduces the degeneration and iron accumulation of neurons by inhibiting the production of ROS and ferroptosis caused by lipid peroxides after SCI, thus promoting the survival of neurons and improving the recovery of motor function. More specifically, we found that trehalose inhibited the expansion of cavities in the nerve tissue of mice with SCI, inhibited neuron loss, and improved functional recovery. In terms of mechanism, our results indicate that the neuroprotective effect of trehalose is due to the activation of the NRF2/HO-1 pathway, which in turn inhibits ferroptosis and ferroptosis-related inflammation. Our findings provide important insights into the previously unknown role of trehalose in SCI, as well as new evidence supporting the hypothesis that suppression of ferroptosis plays a key neuroprotective role in SCI.