Hypertension is the leading preventable cause of premature deaths worldwide. Although long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) metastasis associated lung adenocarcinoma transcript 1 (MALAT1) has been identified to play important roles in the development of cardiovascular diseases, the regulatory function of lncRNA MALAT1 in hypertension remains poorly understood. This study aimed to explore the role of lncRNA MALAT1 in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs). LncRNA MALAT1 was determined to be elevated and MyoD to be reduced in myocardial tissues and thoracic aortic vascular tissues of SHRs. Over-expression of lncRNA MALAT1 caused severe myocardial fibrosis in SHRs. In addition, lncRNA MALAT1 over-expression in vitro enhanced arterial smooth muscle cells (ASMCs) activity and fibrosis of SHRs, which, was rescued by over-expressed MyoD. Furthermore, lncRNA MALAT1 transcripts were found to be highly enriched in the nucleus, and lncRNA MALAT1 suppressed the transactivation of MyoD. Moreover, lncRNA MALAT1 was found to recruit Suv39h1 to MyoD-binding loci, leading to H3K9me3 trimethylation and down-regulation of the target gene. Taken conjointly, this study revealed an important role of lncRNA MALAT1 in promoting cardiac remodeling in hypertensive rats by inhibiting the transcription of MyoD. These results highlight the value of lncRNA MALAT1 as a therapeutic target for the management of hypertension.